Former Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1993-1994, 1996) Gulbuddin Hekmatyar is the founder of the Hezb-e-Islami political party that was founded as a mujahideen force against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Since then, it has continued fighting, first against other mujahideen, and more recently against non-Afghan forces. He has recently changed his political position and now supports elections. Hekmatyar signed a peace deal with the Afghan government in 2016, and returned to Afghanistan in May 2017, more than 20 years after the Taliban forced out of Kabul.
Source of Influence: Political
Status: Featured in current year