Fethullah Gülen is a preacher, thinker and educator, who assumed the leadership of the Nurcu religious movement–started by Said Nursî (1878—1960 CE). He enjoyed huge support amongst all of Turkey’s religious population until last year when he was accused of orchestrating the attempted coup of 15 July 2016, and his organisations and supporters subsequenlty bore the brunt of Erdogan’s crackdown. Many of his followers and supporters in state institutions such as the police, judiciary and education have been targeted and removed from their posts (most estimates give the number at around 70,000). Turkey has formally asked the USA to extradite Gülen.
Source of Influence: Preachers & Spiritual Guides
Status: Featured in current year