Madani is the President of the 86-year-old Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind, a group which strongly opposed the creation of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. In 2006, Maulana Syed Arshad Madani succeeded his brother, Maulana Syed Asad Madani, but since 2008, the group has been split into two factions. Maulana Arshad is also a noted scholar, delivering a speech in Arabic in the presence of the late King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. He also does much social work and heads a number of Islamic seminaries and bodies. He appeared on may international channels and has answered over 6000 questions live. He is an adviser to eight international Islamic schools.