Quraish Shihab is an Indonesian expert on Qur’anic exegesis who regularly preaches on national television. He is noted as a progressive scholar who teaches Qur’anic exegesis using actual context and simple language. He is an author of many Islamic books, including Tafsir Al-Misbah. He served as Indonesian Minister of Religious Affairs in 1998 and also as chairman of the Indonesian Ulama Council since 1984. Shihab was also a director of State Islamic University, Syarif Hidayatullah 1992–1998.