HE Recep Tayyip Erdogan

President of the Republic of Turkey

HE Recep Tayyip Erdogan was the Prime Minister of Turkey for 11 years, winning three consecutive elections with a majority, before becoming Turkey’s first popularly-elected president in August 2014. During his three terms as Prime Minister, Turkey saw unprecedented economic growth, constitutional reform, and a re-emergence as a major global power.

The President: President Erdogan won 52% of the vote in Turkey’s first direct elections for president. This was a continuation of his remarkable popularity and success at the ballot box over the past decade. During his time as president he has pushed aggressively for more powers for his post, a move not welcomed by all, and criticised by many as signs of wanting excessive power. He has lost support from key members of his own party, and been criticized for cracking down on the media.

Failed Coup Ramifications: The failed coup of July 15, which led to about 200 deaths, has led to huge ramifications as Erdogan looks to root out all those involved. He has squarely laid the blame of orchestrating the coup on Gulen, and has led an all-out attack on Gulen’s organisations and supporters.

There has been a major crackdown on many sectors with about 70,000 civil servants being dismissed in various state institutions, with over half from the education sector. Also, 20,000 people remain in detention with this number continually rising as authorities press ahead with regular raids.

Global Relations: Under Erdogan, Turkey has focused on building stronger relations with all of its seven land-contiguous neighbours (especially Greece) and also all of those countries bordering the Black Sea (an important trading hub and a geopolitically significant area). In Africa, it has opened up over twenty new embassies and consulates and when Somalia suffered from a crippling famine and drought in 2011, Erdogan not only gave aid, but also became the first leader from outside Africa to visit Somalia in nearly two decades. While Turkey has about 45% of its foreign trade with European countries, it is developing strong trade relations with other regions and attracting investment from all over the world.

Bait-and-Switch? In July 2015 Turkey finally declared war on da’ish after an agreement with the US. It immediately proceeded to bomb sites in Iraq and Syria that it said were PKK sites. Turkey was consequently accused by the Kurds and by some US officials of a ‘bait-and-switch’ ploy, using Da’ish as bait to fight its old nemesis, the Kurds. This was most recently demonstrated when Turkish tanks and special forces (backed by Turkish air power) crossed the border to push DA’ISH fighters out of the last village on the Syrian —Turkish border. It quickly became clear that the Turkish intervention was to prevent a Syrian Kurdish fighting force which was on the verge of taking the village from doing so and the Turkish air force attacked Kurdish forces approaching the village as well the DA’ISH fighters inside the village. Since then the Turkish armed forces and a Syrian Arab rebel group it has armed and trained have expanded the campaign against the Syrian Kurdish fighters.


Challenges: Erdogan has been forced into a number of u-turns on both national and international issues; on its relationship with Israel, on its partnership with Russia, on how to contain DA’ISH, on how to deal with the Gulen movement, and on dissent within his own AKP movement. His dealings with these issues as well as the security of Turkey in the face of terrorist attacks are the major challenges facing him now.

450 %The growth in the budget for the Ministry of Education during his leadership, now the country’s largest ministry. The military formerly had that distinction.
2.7 milSyrian refugees.
Turkey fights al-Qaeda like it fights the PKK: PM Erdoğan - Hurriyet Daily News
2013-11-07 15:38:54

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (L) and Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt address a press conference at the Rosenbad government house in Stockholm, Sweden on Nov 7. Erdogan is in Sweden for a one day official visit. AFP PHOTO ...

Erdogan envisions democratized 'new Turkey' - UPI.com
2013-11-03 02:10:50

2 (UPI) -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Erdogan said Saturday the country is going through a "true normalization" process that will result in a "new Turkey." "What is being experienced in Turkey is true normalization," Today's Zaman quoted Erdogan as ...

The Ten Worst Purveyors of Antisemitism Worldwide, #8: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan - PJ Media
2013-10-13 17:00:10

Back on June 10, 2005, in New York, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan accepted an award from the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) on behalf of Turkish diplomats who had saved Jews during World War II. Erdoğan had been elected two years ...and more »

Why are birds 'angry,' PM Erdoğan asks company CEO - Hurriyet Daily News
2013-11-07 01:10:14

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan visited Rovio, the developer of the world-famous Angry Birds application, in Finland yesterday, attending a meeting with the company's CEO, Mikael Hed. The meeting itself, however, was soon overshadowed by ...and more »

Ruling party deputies also question Erdoğan's motives behind 'student house ... - Hurriyet Daily News
2013-11-07 13:44:15

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's vow to crack down on mixed-gender student accommodation – even in private houses – has not just riled the opposition, but even created a reaction from his own party amid speculation about the premier's motives for ...

Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan 'tipped Iran off about Mossad agents' - Telegraph.co.uk
2013-10-17 18:02:26

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, acting through his powerful secret service chief, gave the Iranian government details of meetings that took place on Turkish soil between the Iranians and their Israeli Mossad handlers, a report in the Washington Post claimed ...

Recep Tayyip Erdogan: “Nagorno-Karabakh problem is as important for Turkey ... - APA
2013-11-13 12:23:00

We continue our unconditional support to Azerbaijan for the peaceful solution of the problem,” Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said at the press conference following the 3rd meeting of Azerbaijan-Turkey High-Level Strategic Cooperation ...

Erdogan's 'morality police' assume duty - Al-Monitor
2013-11-06 22:28:53

It all started with the leak of remarks made by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan at a closed meeting over the weekend. According to media reports, Erdogan said university students — boys and girls — were sharing flats in the western province of ...

Turkey's Gradual Revolution - Project Syndicate
2013-10-23 15:30:17

ANKARA – When Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced his latest package of democratic reforms, ultra-nationalist groups accused him of betraying the values of the republic founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, while Kurdish nationalists ...

Başbakan Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Muharrem iftarında konuştu - Bugün
2013-11-12 17:51:11

Başbakan Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Türkiye Uzlaşı ve Toplumsal Kalkınma Vakfının ATO Congresium'da verdiği "muharrem orucu iftarı"na katıldı. Erdoğan, yaptığı konuşmada, Vakfın yöneticilerine anlamlı bir buluşma tertip ettiklerini için şükranlarını sunarak ...

The safety and peace of our neighbouring countries and our brothers and friends across the world are among the pillars of our foreign policy.
What should be targeted is a concept of organic, and not just mechanic, democracy that preserves the rule of law, separation of powers, and that is participatory and pluralistic.

Birth: 26 February 1954 (Age: 64)

Source of Influence:

Influence:President of 75.7 million Turkish citizens

School of Thought:

Status: Not featured in current year

What should be targeted is a concept of organic, and not just mechanic, democracy that preserves the rule of law, separation of powers, and that is participatory and pluralistic.
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450 %The growth in the budget for the Ministry of Education during his leadership, now the country’s largest ministry. The military formerly had that distinction.
2.7 milSyrian refugees.
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