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H.M. King Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein

King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and Custodian of the Holy Sites of Jerusalem

King Abdullah II of Jordan has influence in Jordan and around the world due to his lineage in the Hashemite family, his custodianship of the holy sites of Jerusalem and activism on various fronts—from freedom of the press and reformed domestic policy to international diplomacy. He is noted for having developed Jordan’s free market economy, arts and culture scene, as well as addressing issues of homelessness and poverty. He has initiated domestic political reform aiming to establish a parliamentary government.


Prophetic Lineage:

King Abdullah II is a member of the Hashemite family and is the 41st generation direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad through the line of the Prophet’s grandson Al-Hasan. The Hashemites, or Bani Hashem, link back to the tribe of Quraish; Hashem was the name of the Prophet’s great-grandfather. 

Ruling Dynasty:

The Hashemite family ruled Makkah from 967 CE to 1925 CE and other branches of the family have ruled Makkah from 500 CE, when Qusayy, the grandfather of Hashem, became Makkah’s first king. The Hashemite dynasty is the oldest ruling dynasty in the Islamic world, and the second-oldest in the world, after that of Japan.
Custodian of Holy Sites in Jerusalem:

March 2013 saw the signing of a historic treaty which officially confirmed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan’s custodianship of the Holy Sites of Jerusalem. The treaty was signed by King Abdullah II and President Mahmoud Abbas of the State of Palestine. This treaty makes formal a situation which has existed since 1919 (when prayers started to be read in the name of Sharif Hussein bin Ali), and it will not merely avoid any disputes between Jordan and Palestine, but will, more importantly, enable both countries to jointly legally protect the Holy Sites in Jerusalem against Israeli (official or unofficial) incursions, physical destruction and illegal annexation.

Islamic Outreach:

King Abdullah II has proven influence at the forefront of a global interfaith movement, through the creation of the Amman Message; a call for greater intra-religious tolerance and unity in Islam that was endorsed by representatives from all major Muslim groups in 2004. King Abdullah II is the patron of the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought’s most authoritative website on the Qur’an and tafsir or Qur’anic exegesis (www.altafsir. com had over 15 million users in 2013 and is the largest tafsir project in the world). King Abdullah II is also noted for founding the new World Islamic Sciences and Education University in Jordan (www.wise.edu. jo). In 2012, he launched the Integral Chairs initiative (see pg. 178).

Peace Activist:

King Abdullah II is the leading player in the dialogue for peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He has constantly and openly called for discussion in the negotiations toward a two-state solution, and it is largely through his influence that peace talks have resumed. He is also lauded as an interfaith leader for his support of the 2007 initiative A Common Word—a groundbreaking initiative in Christian-Muslim engagement (www.acommonword. com). He was also the initiator and driving force behind the UN World Interfaith Harmony Week Resolution, marking the first week of February an annual celebration of faiths.

Safe Haven:

Jordan has been home to wave-after-wave of refugees from Palestine, Iraq and now Syria. There are over 600,000 Syrian refugees living in refugees camps in Jordan, and a further million refugees living within Jordan. To welcome and accommodate all these refugees is a heavy burden on Jordan, but one it has managed to skilfully cope with so far. Jordan is seen as the most stable country in the region.

100 mw Energy that will be produced at the solar energy site in Ma’an, reducing Jordan’s CO2 emissions by as much as 160,000 tonnes a year
70 % Amount the public debt ratio has decreased pushing external debt as a percentage of GDP down from 189% in 1990 to 25.8% in 2008.
6%The average annual growth in Jordan since King Abdullah ascended to the throne, nearly double the 3% growth Jordan had averaged previously.
HM exchanges greetings - Times of Oman
2013-11-04 09:21:24

His Majesty the Sultan has exchanged greetings cables with the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab ...

Emir greets Arab leaders on Eid Al Adha - Peninsula On-line
2013-10-15 00:40:56

In telephone calls, the Emir greeted the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, H M King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain, King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein of Jordan, King Mohammed VI of Morocco, Emir ...and more »

Jordan king calls for reform as opposition simmers
2013-11-03 16:43:44

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — Jordan's King Abdullah II promised lawmakers Sunday to speed up reforms slowed by unrest across the Middle East, though ...

Jordan king says he will press ahead with reforms
2013-11-03 08:16:11

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — Jordan's King Abdullah II says he will press ahead with a wide-ranging package of reforms, amending elections laws that ...

China's top political advisor meets King of Jordan
2013-09-15 08:03:17

China's top political advisor meets King of Jordan People's Daily Online YINCHUAN, Sept. 15 (Xinhua) China's top political advisor Yu Zhengsheng ...

Pope Francis, King Abdullah II Of Jordan On Syria: Dialogue Is The 'Only Option'
2013-08-28 23:00:00

VATICAN CITY (RNS) Pope Francis and Jordan’s King Abdullah II reaffirmed that dialogue is the “only option” to end the conflict in Syria, just ...

Jordan's king swears in 13 new Cabinet ministers
2013-08-21 13:51:21

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — The royal palace says Jordan's King Abdullah II has sworn in 13 new Cabinet ministers, enlarging the government as part ...

Jordan's king meets Egypt's new leadership
2013-07-20 15:12:32

CAIRO (AP) — Jordan's King Abdullah has met with Egypt's new leaders in the first visit by a head of state to Cairo since the popularly-backed ...

Jordan's King Abdullah warns of regional conflict over Syria
2013-06-26 10:44:50

DUBAI (Reuters) - Jordan's King Abdullah said Syria's war could ignite a regional sectarian conflict unless global powers helped to convene peace ...

Jordan's king endorses treaty with UK
2013-06-18 11:29:40

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) — Jordan's King Abdullah II has endorsed a treaty with Britain that sets the stage for the possible deportation of radical ...

The fact is, humanity is bound together, not only by mutual interests, but by shared commandments to love God and neighbour; to love the good and neighbour
“Blowing up buses will not induce the Israelis to move forward, and neither will the killing of Palestinians or the demolition of their homes and their future. All this needs to stop. And we pledge that Jordan will do its utmost to help achieve it.”

Birth: 30 January 1962 (Age: 52)

Source of Influence:

Influence:King with authority over approximately 6.4 million Jordanians and outreach to Traditional Islam

School of Thought:

Status: Featured in current year

The fact is, humanity is bound together, not only by mutual interests, but by shared commandments to love God and neighbour; to love the good and neighbour
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100 mw Energy that will be produced at the solar energy site in Ma’an, reducing Jordan’s CO2 emissions by as much as 160,000 tonnes a year
70 % Amount the public debt ratio has decreased pushing external debt as a percentage of GDP down from 189% in 1990 to 25.8% in 2008.
6%The average annual growth in Jordan since King Abdullah ascended to the throne, nearly double the 3% growth Jordan had averaged previously.
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