Khatami is a reformist politician who served as president of Iran from 1997 to 2005. Although he was ineffective at bringing around many of the changes from his mandate that were sought by Iranian society, he remains a figurehead of the reformist movement. Khatami was elected to the first Majles al Shura and is known internationally for his proposal of the UN “Dialogue Among Civilizations” initiative, a movement he hopes will counter the prevailing sentiment that there was a “Clash of Civilizations”. He continues his work in inter-civilizational dialogue and internal reform through two NGOs that he founded and heads. He recently issued a joint statement with ex-prime Minister of Malaysia, Dr Mahathir Muhammad, urging an end to Sunni-Shia violence.
The political translation of dialogue among civilizations would consist in arguing that culture, morality and art must prevail on politics.
It is deemed upon the society, and the elite and the intellectuals in particular, not to remain indifferent at the dawn of democracy and allow freedom to be hijacked.