Ayman Al Zawahiri
Leader of Al-Qaeda
Ayman Al Zawahiri
Leader of Al-Qaeda

19 June 1951 – 31 July 2022

Country: Egypt

 

Ayman Al-Zawahiri had been the leader of Al-Qaeda since the killing of Osama bin Laden. Born into a prosperous medical family in Egypt, he completed his medical studies and set up a clinic. In the 1980s he was already part of the Islamic Jihad group in Egypt and was arrested and tortured in prison. He went on to become the leader of Egyptโ€™s Islamic Jihad, which he merged into Al-Qaeda in 1998. He emerged as bin Ladenโ€™s personal advisor and physician. He is often credited with being the โ€œreal brainsโ€ of Al-Qaeda.

Source of Influence: Extremists

Status: Not featured in current year