Deby is the President of Chad and heads the Patriotic Salvation Movement. He took power in 1990, leading a predominantly Muslim army. Muslims make up
around 55.7 percent of Chad’s 13.2 million people. Deby holds great domestic authority through his ability to consolidate power in Chad, a country that was previously affected by a high frequency of coups d’état. He participated in the negotiated peace agreement in February 2010 between the rebel groups of
the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudanese government. There has been growing unrest over economic conditions, corruption and proposed constitutional changes that would allow Itno to stay in power until 2033. Chad was one of the countries to be placed on the US travel ban list.