President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev became the second President of Kazakhstan in 2019, ending the 28-year rule of Nursultan Nazarbayev. President Tokayez has gradually introduced reform and is leading the country into a more democratic and transparent nation. January 2022 saw some violent outbreaks, but a June referendum has given the President the mandate to push ahead with reforms. Significant reforms include limiting the presidential rule to one seven-year term (the previous president was re-elected five times) and reverting to the original name of the capital city, Astana. It had been renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019 in honour of the first President. In November, 2022, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev won the early presidential election with 81.31% of the vote and was re-elected.