Datuk Seri Ibrahim Anwar was the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1993-98 and was then widely expected to succeed Tun Mahathir Muhammad. A falling out between the two led to Anwar being jailed on controversial charges. He spent the following two decades being charged, imprisoned, freed and in-exile.
In 2015, a new opposition coalition named the Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) was formed with Anwar as the de facto leader. The coalition won the 2018 elections and the chair of the alliance, Mahathir Muhammad became Prime Minister and pledged to release Anwar from prison and step down within two years. After being released from prison, Anwar waited for nearly two years for Tun Mahathir to hand over the premiership to him. Mahathir’s resignation and the collapse of the coalition thwarted Anwar and allowed current Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin to assume power.